Intensify the development of young people through technical and vocational training | The Guardian Nigeria News

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As young people demand more just, equitable and progressive opportunities and solutions, the need to address the multifaceted challenges facing young people has become evident and imperative.

These challenges include access to education, health, employment and gender equality.

Experts believe that young people could be a positive force for development when they have the knowledge and opportunities they need to thrive.

Statistics show that there are currently 1.2 billion young people between the ages of 15 and 24, or 16% of the world’s population.

By 2030, the target date of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that make up the 2030 Agenda, the number of young people is expected to increase by 7%, to reach nearly 1.3 billion.

The results show that the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has made the job market more difficult for young people.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) reports that in the first quarter of 2020, around 5.4 percent of working hours globally, the equivalent of 155 million full-time jobs, were lost, by compared to the fourth quarter of 2019, while about 8.8 percent of 100 working hours were lost in 2020, which equates to 255 million full-time jobs.

Likewise, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated that the global economy contracted by 3.3% in 2020 and warned that the recovery expected in 2021 – with a growth rate of 6.0 – remains very uncertain.

Recent estimates suggest that 600 million jobs will need to be created over the next 15 years to meet the employment needs of young people.

However, the proportion of young people without a job, education or training (the rate of young NEETs) has remained very high over the past 15 years and now stands at 30% for young women and 13% for young people. men in the world.

To address this issue, experts said there is a need to step up youth development through technical, vocational and entrepreneurial training (TVET).

Respondents to a survey of TVET institutions conducted jointly by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the ILO and the World Bank indicated that training in distance has become the most common means of imparting skills, with considerable difficulties concerning, among others, the adaptation of programs, the preparation of trainees and trainers, connectivity or the assessment and certification processes.

On this year’s World Youth Skills Day 2021, which focused on the strategic importance of equipping young people with skills for jobs, decent work and entrepreneurship, the situation of young people regarding skills and the work was evaluated.

TVET stakeholders deliberated on how they could work together to scale up skills development and help reconcile the short-term need for economic recovery and sustainable development.

They argued that governments, employers and workers all have a stake in skills development.

According to them, governments must adopt more relevant skills policies to develop the skills required by rapidly changing labor markets.

They argued that education and training systems should also take advantage of new educational technologies and pay more attention to digital skills.

For them, companies and employers would need to make new investments to increase their involvement in the education, training and retraining of workers in order to support economic growth.

In addition, workers should proactively upgrade or acquire new skills through training, education and lifelong learning to remain employable.

United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres in commemoration of the day said young people are on the front lines of the fight to build a better future for all, saying the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the urgent need for the kind of transformational change they seek – and young people must be full partners in this effort.

In Nigeria, during the commemoration of the day in Abuja, the permanent secretary of the Federal Ministry of Youth and Sports Development, Nebolisa Anako, said that the theme of WYD 2021, “Reinventing the skills of young people after the pandemic », Recognized the importance of skills acquisition to improve the employability of young people and the ability to make life and work choices and access to a changing labor market.

Represented by the Director of the Ministry’s Business Development and Promotion Department, he urged all stakeholders to join hands in harnessing the potential of young Nigerians for socio-economic development.

Already, youth unemployment in Nigeria is a growing concern, which has led to an increase in the rate of violent crime, kidnappings, unrest and delinquent social behavior.

The challenge of unemployment, job creation and skills for employment is likely to increase as the population grows and more young people drop out of school.

Industrial Training Fund (ITF) Managing Director and CEO Joseph Ari said that if Nigeria is to accelerate its development trajectory as quickly as possible, concerted efforts must be made to develop technical skills. , which lay the foundations for national development, economic diversification and growth.

He said the transformation underway in emerging economies and developed countries around the world could be attributed to deliberate policies and support for youth empowerment, technical and vocational skills.

He argued that to emerge from the looming national crisis, quality TVET was widely recognized as having an important role to play in tackling youth unemployment.

Nigeria Employers’ Consultative Association (NECA) President Taiwo Adeniyi at a graduation ceremony for the first group of interns from the Industrial Training Fund (ITF) -NECA Technical Skills Development Project (TSDP) recently stated that with more deliberate actions by stakeholders to ensure that young Nigerians equip themselves with skills, they are in a better position to find decent jobs or become entrepreneurs.

He said the body will continue to call for action from government and all stakeholders to urgently come together, invest and build sustainable frameworks and models that will have a huge impact on young people. from the country.

Noting that the world of work and the business environment is changing, he said that evolution offers young people with the appropriate skills opportunities to work, grow and contribute to themselves, to the standard of living of their families. and to society.

While reaffirming the association’s commitment to youth empowerment through the development of technical skills, he called on Nigerian youth to be determined and equipped with technical and professional skills for national development.

To emerge from the looming national and global crisis, he added that quality TVET is widely recognized as having an important role to play in tackling youth unemployment and underemployment.

The Guardian concluded that TVET should respond to multiple demands of an economic, social and environmental nature by helping young people and adults develop the skills they need for employment, decent work and entrepreneurship, promoting equitable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, and supporting transitions to green economies and environmental sustainability.

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